Planetary Simulant Database

Free Resource for Regolith Simulant Information

Changelog

05/06/20 — Added UoM-B and UoM-W, two new basic fidelity lunar simulants from the University of Manchester.

03/20/20 — Simulant DB website launched (migrated from UCF server). All simulants now contained in an actual database with filtered search capabilities.

Recent Simulant Research

Email cannon@ucf.edu if you need PDF copies of these papers.

Atkinson et al., Penetration and relaxation behavior of JSC-1A lunar regolith simulant under cryogenic conditions

Song et al., Vacuum sintering behavior and magnetic transformation for high-Ti type basalt simulated lunar regolith

Godin et al., Laboratory investigations of Lunar ice imaging in permanently shadowed regions using reflected starlight

View archive

Simulant Availability

Not Available: simulant is decades old and known not to be produced or in wide circulation.

May Be Available: simulant is not easily available online, but may be available from the producers in small amounts, or was widely circulated with many individuals keeping stashes in their labs.

Available: simulant is known to be readily available to anyone; new batches are continually produced, or a large stock exists.

Simulant Fidelity

Fidelity Guide (PDF)

Fidelity is subjective. Here, we do not use complex and unwieldy systems like Figures of Merit, and avoid using judgement terms like "low fidelity". A simulant described by some as "low fidelity" may be perfectly suited for some applications. Instead, we use a 3-tiered system with a 4th category for specialty simulants.

Basic: Usually a single rock type that has been crushed into a powder. May not accurately re-produce the chemistry or mineralogy of reference materials. Many of these are referred to as "geotechnical simulants", even if their geotechnical properties have not been adjusted to achieve high accuracy.

Standard: For lunar highlands, crushed anorthosite with or without extra components, crushed to a representative particle size distribution. For lunar mare, a basaltic material with or without extra components, crushed to a representative particle size distribution. For Mars, a basaltic feedstock (or individual silicates) mixed with secondary oxides and/or salts. For asteroids, either the mineralogy or the physical properties are highly accurate.

Enhanced: For lunar simulants, a material that meets the "Standard" definition and has synthetic agglutinates added (not just glass). For Mars, a simulant with completely accurate mineralogy and a representative particle size distribution. For asteroids, both the mineralogy and physical properties are highly accurate.

Specialty: Includes dust simulants, and simulants that replicate features including lunar volatiles, nanophase iron, etc.

The UCF Planetary Simulant Database maintains up-to-date information on currently available and historic planetary simulants. If you would like a simulant added to the database, or can provide missing information, please email Kevin Cannon (cannon@ucf.edu). Note that we do not keep physical samples of simulants in the database.

The listing of simulants below was last updated on May 6, 2020. A downloadable spreadsheet (.xlsx) is available with the listing of the simulants and their bulk chemistry.

We also offer complimentary consulting on all simulant-related matters (cannon@ucf.edu).

Database Filters

Reset













Acronym Name Body Country
C2 C2 Carbonaceous Chondrite Simulant Asteroid United States
CI CI Carbonaceous Chondrite Simulant Asteroid United States
CM CM Carbonaceous Chondrite Simulant Asteroid United States
CR CR Carbonaceous Chondrite Simulant Asteroid United States
HCCL-1 Hydrated Carbonaceous Chondrite Lithologies Asteroid Canada
IRS-1 Itokawa Regolith Simulant Asteroid China
MPACS Mechanical Porous Ambient Comet Simulant Comet United States
SSC-1 Surrey Space Centre Generic United Kingdom
SSC-2 Surrey Space Centre Generic United Kingdom
Rocknest Augmented MMS Mars United States
Salten Skov 1 Mars Denmark
UF Acid-Alkaline-Salt Basalt Analog Soils Mars United States
ES-X ES-X Mars Simulants Mars Europe
JEZ-1 Jezero Delta Simulant Mars United States
JMSS-1 Jining Mars Soil Simulant Mars China
JSC Mars-1/1A Johnson Space Center Mars United States
KMS-1 Korean Mars Simulant Mars Korea
MGS-1 Mars Global Simulant Mars United States
MGS-1C Clay ISRU Mars United States
MGS-1S Sulfate ISRU Mars United States
MMS Mojave Mars Simulant Mars United States
MMS-1 The Martian Garden Mars United States
MMS-2 Mojave Mars Simulant Mars United States
NEU Mars-1 Northeastern University Martian soil simulant Mars China
OUCM-1 Open University Contemporary Mars Mars United Kingdom
OUCM-2 Open University Contemporary Mars Mars United Kingdom
OUEB-1 Open University Early Basaltic Mars United Kingdom
OUEB-2 Open University Early Basaltic Mars United Kingdom
OUHR-1 Open University Haematite-rich Mars United Kingdom
OUHR-2 Open University Haematite-rich Mars United Kingdom
OUSR-1 Open University Sulfur-rich Mars United Kingdom
OUSR-2 Open University Sulfur-rich Mars United Kingdom
P-MRS Phyllosilicatic Mars Regolith Simulant Mars Germany
S-MRS Sulfatic Mars Regolith Simulant Mars Germany
UC Mars1 University of Canterbury Mars Australia
Y-Mars Yellowknife Mars United States
Maryland-Sanders Lunar Simulant Moon United States
Oshima Simulant Moon Japan
Kohyama Simulant Moon Japan
ALRS-1 Australian Lunar Regolith Simulant Moon Australia
ALS Arizona Lunar Simulant Moon United States
BHLD20 Beijing Highlands Lunar Dust Moon China
BP-1 Black Point Moon United States
CAS-1 Chinese Academy of Sciences Moon China
CHENOBI Moon Canada
CLDS-i China Lunar Dust Simulant Moon China
CLRS-1/2 Chinese Lunar Regolith Simulant Moon China
CMU-1 Carnegie Mellon University Moon United States
CSM-CL Colorado School of Mines Colorado Lava Moon United States
CUG-1A China University of Geosciences Moon China
DNA-1 De NoArtri Moon Italy
EAC-1 European Astronaut Centre Moon Europe
FJS-1/2/3 Fuji Japanese Simulant Moon Japan
GRC-1/3 Glenn Research Center Moon United States
GSC-1 Goddard Space Center Moon United States
JSC-1 Johnson Space Center Moon United States
KLS-1 Korea Lunar Simulant Moon Korea
KOHLS-1/KAUMLS Korean Lunar Simulants Moon Korea
LHS-1 Lunar Highlands Simulant Moon United States
LMS-1 Lunar Mare Simulant Moon United States
MKS-1 MKS-1 Lunar Simulant Moon Japan
MLS-1/1P Minnesota Lunar Simulant Moon United States
MLS-2 Minnesota Lunar Simulant Moon United States
NAO-1 National Astronomical Observatories Moon China
NEU-1 Northeastern University Lunar Simulant Moon China
NU-LHT NASA/USGS Lunar Highlands Type Moon United States
OB-1 Olivine Bytownite Moon Canada
OPRFLCROSS1 Off Planet Research LCROSS Simulant Moon United States
OPRH2N/H2W/H3N/H3W Off Planet Research Highlands Simulant Moon United States
OPRL2N/L2W Off Planet Research Mare Simulant Moon United States
TJ-1/2 Tongji University Moon China
TUBS-M TU Braunschweig Base Simulant Mare Moon Germany
TUBS-T TU Braunschweig Base Simulant Terrae Moon Germany
UoM-B University of Manchester – Black Moon United Kingdom
UoM-W University of Manchester – White Moon United Kingdom
Carbonaceous Chondrite Based Simulant of Phobos Phobos United States
PCA-1 Phobos Captured Asteroid Phobos United States
PGI-1 Phobos Giant Impact Phobos United States
UTPS-IB University of Tokyo Phobos Simulant, Impact-based Phobos Japan
UTPS-TB University of Tokyo Phobos Simulant, Tagish Lake-based Phobos Japan