Planetary Simulant Database

Free Resource for Regolith Simulant Information


Component TUBS-M (wt.%) TUBS-T (wt.%)
Basalt 100 0
Anorthosite 0 100

Bulk Chemistry

Oxide TUBS-M (wt.%) TUBS-T (wt.%)
SiO2 48.61 48.71
TiO2 2.29 0.12
Al2O3 13.28 30.33
FeO> 10.14 1.05
MgO 8.73 0.57
CaO 8.31 14.57
Na2O 3.67 3.05
K2O 1.71 0.22
MnO 0.18 0.015
Cr2O3 0.04 0.00
P2O5 0.51 -
LOI 0.63 0.99
Total 98.09 99.61

Physical Properties

Property TUBS-M TUBS-T
Grain density 2.96g/cm3 2.71g/cm3
Bulk density 1.41g/cm3 1.18g/cm3
Angle of repose 41.9-45.8° 37.91°
Particle size range 0-2.0mm 0-2.0mm
Median 87μm 87μm
Cohesion 0.6kPa 1.46kPa

TUBS-M and TUBS-T modular Regolith Simulant System

← Return to simulant listing

Simulant Name: TUBS-M and TUBS-T modular Regolith Simulant System
Availability: Available
Fidelity: Standard
Developed By: TU Braunschweig, Germany
Available From: TU Braunschweig, Germany
Publications: Linke, S. et al. (2020), TUBS-M and TUBS-T based modular Regolith Simulant System for the support of lunar ISRU activities. Planetary and Space Science 180, 104747.

The TUBS-M and TUBS-T are part of a modular regolith simulant system being developed by TU Braunschweig in Germany. The goal is to be able to use two base simulants (TUBS-M = Mare; TUBS-T = Highlands) and combine them in any fraction to create site-specific mixtures. Then by melting and/or sintering, agglutinates and glass can be added to make advanced simulants which may be further modified by adding components like ilmenite, etc.

TUBS-M is made from an alkali-olivine basalt in Germany, and TUBS-T is from a Scandinavian metamorphosed gabbroic complex.

Linke et al. state that large-scale production of hundreds of kilograms will begin in 2019, and the simulants will be available to other groups.


Images of the TUBS-M and TUBS-T simulants: